Australian researchers analyzed the stool samples of individuals with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes and those at higher or lower diabetes risk and found that "changes in gut bacteria weren't just a side effect of the disease, but are likely related to disease progression." The findings, published in Diabetes Care, identified proteins that may be used for new treatments to stop the progression of diabetes.
UK researchers studied 12 healthy males and found that eating breakfast before exercise led to an increased rate at which the body metabolizes carbohydrates and digests and absorbs food eaten after exercise, compared with skipping breakfast. The findings in The American Journal of Physiology -- Endocrinology and Metabolism showed that a pre-exercise breakfast "increases carbohydrate burning during exercise, and that this carbohydrate wasn't just coming from the breakfast that was just eaten, but also from carbohydrate stored in our muscles as glycogen," said researcher Rob Edinburgh.
A recent survey conducted by the Moll Law Group among 2,000 patients and family caregivers found that patients underestimate whether and when they might need long-term care as well as the costs, making them vulnerable to high out-of-pocket expenses at long-term care facilities. Data from the survey revealed the average respondent's projection for long-term care costs was about $25,350, compared to actual average expenses averaging $47,000 or more depending on the chosen facility.
Experienced nurses understand what it means to instinctively know that there is something off with their patient based on "gut feelings" that "are agglomerations of observations and experiences that over time have turned into finely tuned clinical judgment," writes hospice nurse Theresa Brown. "There's now solid evidence that when a nurse says she's got a bad feeling about a patient, the entire care team needs to listen," Brown writes.
The FDA's approval of Novartis' Kymriah, or tisagenlecleucel, to treat pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia brings into focus the need for an educated interdisciplinary team that can recognize most common chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy-related toxicities, according to Kris Mahadeo, section chief and medical director of pediatric stem cell transplantation and cellular therapy at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Pediatric-focused guidelines recognize that toxicities among children may be difficult to recognize.
CDC researchers found that 6-month-old infants born to mothers with hepatitis B virus and HIV who received tenofovir during pregnancy didn't have significantly reduced bone mineral content or bone mineral density, compared with those whose mothers didn't take tenofovir. The findings were published in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.
Researchers suggest that the reason why migraines are more common in women may have to do with relationships between sex-specific hormones and the trigeminal system. These interactions make neurons more sensitive to migraine triggers, according to their model, and estrogen may play a key role.
Officials at MedSpring Urgent Care in Austin, Texas, notified 13,034 patients who used its centers in Illinois about a possible data breach after an employee got caught in an email phishing scam on May 8. The incident could have compromised patients' names, medical record numbers, dates of medical services and account numbers.
A Coverys report showed that radiologists accounted for 15% of diagnosis-related malpractice claims, second to general medicine practitioners, with 80% of those claims pertaining to alleged clinical test misinterpretations that led to permanent injury or death. Radiologists should utilize decision support tools, standard treatment protocols and report templates with specific criteria; develop criteria to determine the need for a second image reading; use patient EHR notes; and implement EHR applications and order tracking within the EHR to reduce the risk of malpractice claims, according to the report.
The National Health Law Program filed a lawsuit against the Trump administration to stop the implementation of Medicaid work requirements in Arkansas, arguing the administration has no authority to impose such provisions without action from Congress.