The World Health Organization has issued a recommendation that anyone receiving the dengue vaccine should first undergo diagnostic testing to determine if they have been exposed to the disease. The new guideline was issued in light of controversies regarding the effect of Sanofi Pasteur's dengue vaccine Dengvaxia on children younger than 9 years who were vaccinated in the Philippines.
Elevated levels of inflammatory markers are a result of poor sleep quality in women of menopausal age based on data from a study conducted on 295 women, whose blood tests and sleep-monitoring results were analyzed by researchers. Data showed that 75% slept less than seven hours, with half of the group experiencing short and disrupted sleep, and those with disturbed sleep patterns or trouble falling asleep manifesting higher circulating levels of interleukin-6 and/or von Willebrand factor antigen, according to the journal Sleep.
Sweeteners that are easily absorbed in the digestive tract and least likely to cause gastrointestinal problems include glucose, sucrose, maltose, stevia and monkfruit, said registered dietitian Tamara Duker Freuman. Sweeteners that may cause digestive problems for some people include fructose, erythritol, sucralose and lactose, while those that are the most difficult to digest and more likely to lead to GI distress are the "polyols" such as sorbitol and xylitol, Freuman said.
The Republican-led House Agriculture Committee this week voted in favor of a farm bill that adds new work and job training requirements to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, despite warnings from Democrats that the changes could mean up to 2 million people would lose benefits. The bill also would renew existing farm safety-net programs.
Australian researchers found that children had a twofold increased exposure to junk food ads on TV, compared with healthy food ads, with snack foods, crumbed or battered meats, takeout or fast food and sugary drinks being the most commonly advertised foods. The findings in the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health also showed an increased duration and frequency of junk food ads during children's peak viewing times.
Children born large for gestational age to mothers with gestational diabetes had higher body mass index deviation scores at age 1 that increased until ages 8 to 10, compared with those who were non-LGA, putting them at a limited risk of being overweight, according to a Dutch study in Diabetologia. Researchers evaluated 104 infants and found that those born LGA and non-LGA to mothers with gestational diabetes had a higher BMI standard deviation score than those born to mothers with type 1 diabetes and a lower BMI standard deviation score, compared with those whose mothers had type 2 diabetes.
Trinity Health System in Ohio said it is "Food Recovery Verified," which will strengthen its ties to the local Urban Mission. Food and Nutritional Services Director Jen Jaworski said pans of uneaten food left over from cafe meals are frozen and picked up weekly by the food bank to help families in the Steubenville area.
Australian and US researchers found that older adults with dementia had an 11% increase in medication use and 17% greater use of potentially inappropriate drugs, such as pain and depression drugs, sleeping pills and proton pump inhibitors, one year after diagnosis. The findings were published in The Journals of Gerontology: Series A.
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis who used functional connectivity MRI found that individuals had minimal day-to-day variability in brain network activity when doing vision-, memory-, reading- or motor skills-related tasks late at night. The findings in Neuron suggest that fcMRI has the potential for use in diagnosing brain diseases, but more studies are needed to accurately differentiate between normal and disordered variation in brain activity, researchers said.
Patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer who underwent surgical resection after neoadjuvant therapy had a median survival of 35.3 months from the time of diagnosis, compared with 16.2 months among those who only received chemotherapy and radiation therapy, researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine reported in the Annals of Surgery. The findings also showed significantly higher overall survival rates at one and three years among those in the resected group.