Multivitamins can be confusing because people mistakenly believe the more vitamins and minerals they consume, the healthier they will become, said registered dietitian Kelly Devine Rickert. Dietitians advise people to try to meet their nutrition requirements through a healthy diet, and registered dietitian Christy Berrier recommended doing a dietary assessment before taking vitamins.
Water service has been restored in most of Puerto Rico, but cellular phone service and electricity remain out of commission in some areas, many gas stations and stores remain closed, and supplies take weeks to arrive at veterinary clinics. AVMA Board of Directors member Dr. Jose Arce and Puerto Rico Veterinary Medicine College President Dr. Walter Colon described how veterinarians are working with the community and compensating for shortages to care for the animals that remain after Hurricane Maria.
A 2-year-old Amur leopard found exhibiting strange behavior in 2015 near Russia's Land of the Leopard National Park had canine distemper virus, researchers reported in the Journal of Wildlife Diseases. Only about 60 Amur leopards remain in the wild, and species whose populations are declining are vulnerable to disease outbreaks.
About 20% of survey respondents who had undergone mastectomy or breast-conserving lumpectomy for cancer said it was more important to choose a treatment option quickly than to make an informed decision, and many said they felt underinformed before their surgery. A separate study also in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons found that decision aids and access to online information can help women make educated treatment choices.
A study in Diabetes Care found that diabetes patients hospitalized with acute kidney injury were at higher risk of hypoglycemic events after discharge, with the highest incidence among insulin users. The findings were based on data for 65,151 diabetes patients.
Women with gestational diabetes were at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, ischemic heart disease and hypertension, but not cerebrovascular disease, according to a retrospective study in PLOS Medicine. Researchers evaluated primary care data for 46,399 women in the UK with and without gestational diabetes.
Researchers found that each one-month delay in the introduction of gluten into infants' diets was associated with a 5% increased risk of developing insulin autoantibodies, indicating a higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes either later in childhood or in adulthood, compared with a 32% lower risk among children who were introduced to gluten before four months of age. The findings in Diabetes Care were based on 7,563 young children at high genetic risk of developing type 1 diabetes from the US, Finland, Germany and Sweden.
Cancer survivors who did gardening for three seasons ate more fruits and vegetables, gained less weight around the waist and had increased feelings of worth, compared with those who had not gardened, researchers reported in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. "For cancer survivors, especially those who are older, we look for lifestyle changes that can help them get healthier but are also holistic and have meaning," said lead author Wendy Demark-Wahnefried of the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
Researchers analyzed data from the 1999-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cycles involving 16,644 adults without a previous diagnosis of diabetes and found that the age-standardized rate of detecting undiagnosed type 2 diabetes was 3% during the 1999-2000 cycle, slightly dropping to 2.8% during the 2013-2014 cycle. The findings in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care also revealed a significant increase in the rate of detecting undiagnosed diabetes among Mexican-Americans and small decreases among adults in the highest income-to-poverty ratio, those ages at least 65 and white adults.
Recent studies have sent mixed signals when it comes to the effect of exercise on cognitive health. While the American Academy of Neurology said neurologists should recommend exercise for people with mild cognitive impairment, a panel of experts for the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine said scientific evidence is not sufficient to support claims that exercise can prevent MCI or dementia.
- Page 1